Charles Babbage

Birth: 1791
Death: 1871
Academic Achievements: He founded many societies, the most important being the Royal Astronomical Academy (1820) and the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1831). In 1824, he won the Royal Astronomical Society's gold medal for his invention of mathematical and astronomical tables, also known as the difference engine.
Contributions to Computer Science: Charles' main contributions to computer science are his inventions of the principle of the analytic engine and the first mechanical computer.

Links for More Information:
Minnesota Edu
Computer History Museum
Mac Tutor

Vinton G. Cerf